A logical reasoning test is a type of aptitude test that is widely used by corporate employers to help assess candidates during their recruitment process. Logical reasoning aptitude tests are designed to measure your ability to draw logical conclusions based on statements or arguments, and to identify the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments.
These tests are designed to assess your logical reasoning ability using the information provided. A logical reasoning test is a fundamental part of any assessment. Below follows an overview of the most commonly used logical reasoning tests:
Logical Reasoning (additional information)
Today, logical reasoning is the umbrella term for at least three different types of reasoning. These are known as deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning and abductive reasoning and are based on deduction, induction and abduction respectively.
Logical reasoning tests can thus refer to different kinds of testing, such as aforementioned deductive or inductive reasoning tests. These type of tests can either be verbal or non-verbal and to make it even more confusing, each major test provider SHL, Kenexa, etc using their own terminology and style of testing for logical, non-verbal, abstract, inductive reasoning tests, etc. The schematics above give a clear overview of the relationship of each of the three types of logical reasoning and their relation to the types of tests used and will be explained further below.
In general terms, deductive reasoning means using a given set of facts or data to deduce other facts from by reasoning logically. Deductive reasoning can be used to proof that these new facts are true. For instance the classic example:
Major premise: All humans are mortal
Minor premise: Socrates is human
Conclusion: Socrates is mortal
Applying the deduction method on the general rule “all humans are mortal” (major premise) in the specific situation “Socrates is human” (minor premise), the conclusion can be drawn that “Socrates is mortal”.
Notice that deductive reasoning provides no new information, it only rearranges information that is already known into a new statements or truths. So deductive reasoning is “if this is true, than this is also true”. Deductive reasoning tests typically contain syllogisms as questions.
Inductive reasoning is looking for a pattern or a trend and then generalizing it. When you generalize and extrapolate the information, you don’t know for sure if this trend will continue, but you assume it will. You therefore don’t know for sure that a conclusion based on inductive reasoning will be 100% true. A famous hypothesis is:
‘all swans are white’
This conclusion was taken from a large amount of observations without observing any black swan and consequently logically assumes that black swans don’t exist. Inductive reasoning is therefore a risky form of logical reasoning since the conclusion can as easily be incorrect when, looking at the swans example, a black swan is spotted.
Another common example of inductive reasoning used in actual aptitude testing are number sequences. Try to determine the pattern, generalize and extrapolate to find the next number in the series.
6, 9, 12, 15, ?
The logical answer to this trend seems 18, but you can’t ever be 100% sure, maybe the number represent days or hours or something weird that you don’t expect and which causes extrapolating to give different results.
Perhaps the most common form of inductive reasoning tests consist of non-verbal figure sequences and are also known as abstract reasoning tests. They follow the same methodology as mention earlier, find the pattern, and extrapolate to find the next figure.
That is what inductive reasoning is all about, looking at the given data, making a generalization, and extrapolate the pattern. In all the above examples, there is a sense of a generalized judgment, which may or may not turn out to be true. Whereas in deductive reasoning, there is no judgment. The conclusions are mostly true, based on the given situation.Where to buy magic tricks in olando How to chip in golf? What are the best soft dart tips How to check location on iphone? How to download movies on netflix? what time does metro close today How to keep track of unreported tips Tips for helping toddler sleep when traveling How to learn piano? Tips on how to reach congressmen what does bae mean How to meditate for beginners Tips on how to make a manga How many hat tricks does suarez have How many tricks ca a dog do How to store How to style sweater vest? what does a state of emergency mean How to do a screenshot on a computer How to stop reverse sneezing in dogs How to make bananas last longer How to land flip tricks in skateboarding How to find your airpods? How to silence apple watch? Tips on how to find a job How to get my employees tips certified what time does hardee's start serving lunch Tips kn how to play call of duty bkack ops3 on xbox one better How to park a car? Tricks how to get rid of spiders in house Tips on how to catch lake erie perch what does negging mean what does xl mean in roman numerals What are some hurricane safety tips what does outlier mean What kind of glue to use on pool cue tips what does disorder mean what does voulez vous mean what time does dutch bros open what does sakura mean what time does safeway close today How much does a server make in alaska in tips How to make white chocolate Any tricks for when you run out of data on your phone How to get the dirty tricks trophy what does it mean when you see a frog How to start labor? what time does unemployment direct deposit hit your account what are rdls what does open source mean How to do percentages what does abstinence mean what does chardonnay taste like what does disheveled mean what does stocky mean Tips on how to handle students teacher elementary How to cook artichokes? How to motogp 19 tips and tricks what does heather mean what does discharge mean How to care for snake plant? what are cara cara oranges How to tell if a cut is infected Tips on how to pass the civil service examination Uber where do i list tips How to clear cache on xbox one? what does ghastly mean what does laissez faire mean Massauki county investigates man who tricks employee into giving more change at ice cream shop How to find the circumference of a circle? what does independent variable mean How much protein to build muscle calculator? How to do substitution? How long to bake potatoes at 375 in foil What are tricks to getting cheap deals at harrah's casino in lake tahoe How to make devil's toothpaste? what are the nfl overtime rules what does pss mean at the end of a letter what does the name casey mean Performers who do tumbling tricks Tips on how to gert along How often replace waterpik tips What tricks can a mini dashund learn what does pepe mean what days does the irs deposit refunds what does a ring mean on each finger what does treason mean How to unlock flying in shadowlands How to draw anime nose How to increase water pressure in house How does bassnectar do tricks How do you say tricks in finnish What tips for spending money wisely does ftc have Tips when arranging compounds by boiling points How to administer narcan What are three tips on running what does mooring mean what does sexually fluid mean what time does the apple store open Tips on how to masturbathe for men How to apply acrylic nails with tips what are furries what does it mean to vent to someone what does insure domestic tranquility mean How to clean a wool rug Link's awakening how to beat river rapids race tips How to make a drop down list in excel what does a high tsh mean what are the charges on plates 3 and 6? How to spell How to use line app on pc tips and tricks what time does the sunset today what does abide mean How to massage ear wax out? what does biannual mean what does mirandize mean Restaraunt where they do knife tricks in front of customers How to do tricks on a trick scooter